What Is Tailgating In Cyber Security: Expert Insights

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By Markus Winkelhock

In the realm of cybersecurity, tailgating is a term that sends shivers down the spine of security professionals. It refers to the unauthorized entry of an individual into a restricted area by closely following an authorized person. This breach compromises the security measures designed to protect physical spaces and sensitive information.

Risks Associated with Tailgating

Breach of Physical Security Measures

One of the primary risks associated with tailgating is the breach of physical security measures. When unauthorized individuals gain access to restricted areas by tailgating, they undermine the security protocols put in place to protect assets, data, and personnel. This can lead to theft, espionage, or sabotage, posing significant risks to the organization.

Methods to Prevent Tailgating

Implementation of Access Control Systems

To mitigate the risks of tailgating, organizations can implement access control systems such as keycard entry, biometric scanners, or security personnel checkpoints. These measures act as barriers to unauthorized entry, ensuring that only individuals with the proper credentials can access restricted areas.

Importance of Employee Training

Role of Awareness and Vigilance

Employee training plays a crucial role in preventing tailgating incidents. By raising awareness about the risks of unauthorized entry and promoting a culture of vigilance, employees can become the first line of defense against potential security breaches. Training programs should emphasize the importance of verifying the identity of individuals entering restricted areas and reporting any suspicious behavior.


Tailgating poses a significant threat to the security of organizations, highlighting the importance of implementing robust access control systems and providing comprehensive employee training. By staying vigilant and maintaining awareness of security risks, businesses can effectively combat the menace of tailgating and safeguard their physical and data assets.

FAQs about Tailgating in Cyber Security

1. What are some common signs of tailgating?

Common signs of tailgating include individuals following closely behind authorized personnel without proper credentials, attempting to enter restricted areas without authorization, or pretending to be part of a group to gain access.

2. How can organizations improve their security measures to prevent tailgating?

Organizations can enhance their security measures by implementing access control systems, conducting regular security audits, educating employees about the risks of tailgating, and encouraging a culture of vigilance among all staff members.

3. What are the potential consequences of a successful tailgating attack?

The potential consequences of a successful tailgating attack include theft of sensitive information, compromise of physical security measures, unauthorized access to restricted areas, and potential harm to personnel or assets within the organization.

4. How can employees contribute to preventing tailgating incidents?

Employees can contribute to preventing tailgating incidents by following security protocols, challenging unfamiliar individuals attempting to enter restricted areas, reporting suspicious behavior to security personnel, and participating in regular security training programs.

5. Why is it essential for organizations to prioritize physical security measures alongside cybersecurity measures?

Organizations must prioritize physical security measures alongside cybersecurity measures to create a comprehensive security framework that protects both the physical infrastructure and digital assets of the organization. Neglecting physical security can leave vulnerabilities that cyber attackers may exploit to breach a company’s defenses.

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